What is Ramsay Hunt Syndrome? Below is the definition, symptoms, causes, and how to overcome them.

PARBOABOA – From a medical point of view, there are various types of diseases that may be unknown to the general public, one of which is ramsay hunt syndrome. Although this syndrome is rarely heard of, it has a serious impact on a person’s health.

Launch from the official Mayo Clinic website, ramsay hunt syndrome known as herpes zoster, is a disease associated with a viral infection. chicken pox.

This virus has settled in the body since someone had chicken pox in the past. Virus chicken pox it does not disappear completely after recovery from chickenpox, but hides in the nerves and can be active again.

Ramsay Hunt Syndrome This is a disease that occurs in the facial nerve adjacent to one ear, causing a red rash. This condition can also cause facial paralysis and hearing loss.

Know the Symptoms ramsay hunt syndrome Early treatment is the right step to reduce the potential complications that may arise.

As with permanent facial paralysis and deafness, these can be minimized with proper treatment. Then what symptoms, causes, risk factors, complications and diagnosis should we know?

To better understand this, let’s take a look at the full review that Parboaboa has summarized below!

What is Ramsay Hunt Syndrome?

Ramsay Hunt Syndrome (Photo: Journal of Neurology and Psychiatry)

Ramsay Hunt Syndrome It is a neurological disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus, which also infects chickenpox in children and shingles in adults.

This virus is able to persist in the human body throughout his life, even after recovery from chickenpox. This condition is gender-neutral and can cause paralysis on one side of the face, accompanied by an extremely painful rash around the ear that often burns the skin.

Often, this syndrome is more common in older age groups, and some patients experience changes in hearing function. Sometimes this symptom can be the sensation of a louder sound in one ear or even partial deafness.

Pain in the ears and face is usually a characteristic component of this syndrome, and some patients may also experience a feeling of dizziness (vertigo).

Symptoms of Ramsay-Hunt Syndrome

Symptoms of Ramsay-Hunt Syndrome (Photo: Facial Paralysis)

There are two main symptoms that indicate that someone is infected. ramsay Hunt Syndrome, among them:

1. Red rash and blisters around the ears.

One symptom that may occur is a red rash and blisters around the ears. Conidis will be very painful for the patient.

In addition, red rashes are often filled with fluid, which can occur in, around, or near one ear.

2. Paralysis of the facial nerve

Along with the rash, there is often weakness or paralysis of the face on the side where the affected ear is located. Sometimes one symptom may appear before another, and in some cases the rash may not appear at all.

Causes of Ramsay Hunt Syndrome

Illustration of Ramsay Hunt Syndrome (Photo: Freepik)

One of the causative factors ramsay hunt syndrome Often this reactivation is triggered by stress. Sometimes our body’s resistance can decrease and become less effective in fighting infections. This is the time when our body becomes more susceptible to the reactivation of the virus that causes chickenpox.

Several studies have shown that stress can weaken the immune system. This condition allows the person to experience high levels of stress and is at risk of infection.

Risk Factors for Ramsay Hunt Syndrome

Ramsay Hunt Syndrome has the ability to appear in persons who have previously had chickenpox. It is more common in the elderly, usually affecting people over 60 years of age. However, it is rare in children.

This syndrome is not actually contagious, but is a reactivation of the virus. chicken pox can cause chickenpox in people who have never had the disease or have not been vaccinated against chickenpox.

This situation can pose a serious risk, especially for people with weakened immune systems. Until the blisters are completely healed, physical contact with:

  • Individuals who have never had chickenpox before or have not received the chickenpox vaccine.
  • People with weakened immune systems
  • newborn
  • Pregnant women

Complications of Ramsay Hunt Syndrome

This syndrome causes several complications, including:

1. Permanent hearing loss and facial weakness.

In most people, the hearing loss and facial paralysis associated with this syndrome tend to be temporary. However, in some cases this possibility may become permanent.

2. Eye problems

Facial palsy caused by Ramsay Hunt may interfere with the ability to close the eyelids.

If this happens, the protective lining of the eye (cornea) may be damaged. This damage can cause eye pain and blurred vision.

3. Postherpetic neuralgia.

Postherpetic neuralgia is a condition that occurs when shingles damages nerve fibers.

The messages transmitted through these nerve fibers are disrupted and become redundant, resulting in pain that may last for a longer period of time after the other signs and symptoms of this syndrome have disappeared.

Diagnosis of Ramsay Hunt Syndrome

Quote from the page face care ParalysisDiagnosis of facial paralysis is often difficult because symptoms vary from person to person and overlap with those of other causes of facial paralysis.

Patients suffering from this disease may experience severe pain, which is often a characteristic that distinguishes it from other sudden onset causes of facial paralysis.

In the process of diagnosis, you can use the various stages of examination and support, presented below. ramsay hunt syndrome:

  • An in-depth medical interview with a doctor or healthcare professional.
  • Examination of the function of the facial nerve (for example, the ability to close the eyes).
  • A thorough physical exam, including an ear exam.
  • Blood test for the presence of antibodies to the varicella-zoster virus
  • Hearing test.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to look for areas of inflammation along the facial nerve pathways and rule out other possible causes of your symptoms.
  • Nerve conduction studies to evaluate facial nerve function. although not diagnostic, it can give an indication of the degree of damage to the facial nerve.
  • Electromyography, which may also indicate damage to the facial nerve. however, as before, this is not a diagnostic tool that provides specific information about the cause of the malfunction.

Treatment of Ramsay-Hunter Syndrome

Treatment of Ramsay-Hunt syndrome (Photo: Freepik)

In the treatment of the syndrome Ramsay HunterThe first step that the doctor takes is to study the patient’s condition, including a physical examination, tracking the patient’s medical history, and understanding the symptoms that have arisen.

Sometimes a doctor may also need to take fluid samples from nodules that have appeared on the face or around the ears in order to make a more accurate diagnosis. Once the diagnosis is established, the doctor can determine the most appropriate type of treatment.

It is important to take the right steps in treatment as soon as possible, as this can help prevent long-term complications such as permanent hearing loss, permanent facial paralysis, eye damage, and persistent pain in the area of ​​the smallpox scar (postherpetic neuralgia).

Below are several ways to overcome them. ramsay Hunt Syndrome, among them:

1. Consumption of antiviral drugs

The varicella-zoster virus that causes Ramsay-Hunt syndrome can be controlled with antiviral drugs such as acyclovir, famciclovir, and valaciclovir.

These medications not only help reduce the spread of the virus, but also speed up the healing of skin sores and reduce the pain associated with shingles.

2. Taking painkillers and dizziness.

People with this syndrome often experience postherpetic neuralgia, or pain that continues even after the red nodules have disappeared.

To help relieve pain, your doctor may recommend strong pain relievers such as carbamazepine or diazepam. For those who experience dizziness, a doctor may prescribe antihistamines or anticholinergics.

3. Consumption of corticosteroids

Doctors usually prescribe corticosteroid medications, such as prednisone, to increase the effectiveness of antiviral drugs in controlling the syndrome. This.

It was an explanation of the Ramsay Hunt Syndrome, a full description of the symptoms, causes and ways to deal with it. Raise awareness of the importance of timely medical check-ups and health awareness to improve quality of life.

Source link

Leave a Comment