(CNN Spanish) – Argentina held the midterm elections this Sunday, in a day that passed without any shocks. The polls opened at 8:00 am local time (6:00 am Miami time) and closed at 6:00 pm By night, most of the tables had already been scrutinized.
The results represent a defeat for the ruling coalition, the Frente de Todos. Although the ruling party improved the numbers with respect to primary elections held in September, the opposition prevailed at the national level, according to the poll data.
In addition, a data already projected in the primary elections would be confirmed: for the first time since the return of democracy in 1983, Peronism will lose the majority in the Senate.
At the national level, the alliance Together for Change obtained 42% of the votes against 33.6% of the official Frente de Todos. Further back, the Left Front won 5.9% of the votes while other forces shared the remaining 18.6%.
Together for Change, which ruled the country between December 2015 and December 2019, triumphed in the largest provinces: Buenos Aires, Santa Fe, Córdoba and Mendoza. In total, the ruling party lost in 15 of the 24 districts nationwide.
After knowing the first results, the president of Argentina, Alberto Fernández, spoke in a message addressed to the population of the country.
“Today begins the second part of our government,” he said and argued that Argentines have “the right to hope.”
“Argentina, even within the framework of these difficulties, has been advancing and will continue to do so. We are standing up,” said Fernández. Meanwhile, he said that it is necessary that “the relationship between the Government and the National Congress, in the Chamber of Deputies and in the Senate, be fruitful, for the general interest of our country.”
On the other hand, he referred to the debt as the “biggest stumbling block”, stating that “it is also time to solve the problem derived from the debt contracted by the government that preceded me with the International Monetary Fund.”
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On this point, he announced that in the first week of December they will send to Congress “a bill that specifies the ‘Multiannual economic program for sustainable development'”.
“This program will contemplate the best understandings that our government has reached with the IMF staff in the negotiations led by our economy minister, Martín Guzmán, without renouncing the principles of economic growth and social inclusion,” said the president.
Finally, he concluded: “I do not share, at all, the position of those who say that” we have no destiny. “Those who do not take responsibility for the damage they have caused cannot give us lessons.”
Shortly after the polls closed, Vice President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner announced that she would not be present at the Front for All bunker for the closing of the day. “I have been told rest. Nothing to worry about, but the effort made to participate in the closure of the FdT delayed the postoperative evolution. Therefore, tonight I will not be able to be, as I would have liked and as I have always done, in the bunker. I hug everyone and everyone ”, he published on his Twitter account.
The political map is redefined
In these elections, Argentines chose the candidates to renew 127 of the 257 seats in the Chamber of Deputies and 24 of the 54 seats in the Chamber of Senators.
Previously, on September 12, the Simultaneous and Compulsory Open Primaries (PASO) were held, a first stage of the election, in which each party presented different candidates for the positions.
In that instance, the citizens defined with their vote which of all those candidates should be the candidate chosen for the general election, which is the second stage of the process.
Eight provinces elected 24 senators in these elections. Two for the majority and one for the first minority in each district. The Frente de Todos put into play 15 of the 41 seats it had, and Juntos por el Cambio, 9 of the 25 it had.
On the other hand, the Chamber of Deputies renews with these elections 127 of its 257 seats. Unlike the senators, who represent the provinces, the deputies represent the Argentine people. They have four-year terms and are elected through a proportional representation system in the 24 districts into which the country is divided.
With information from Iván Pérez Sarmenti, Nacho Girón and Betiana Fernández Martino