A monstrous, nearly 18-foot-long Burmese python trapped in Florida swamps is the largest ever captured in the state by a research program using radio transmitters implanted in these male snakes.
This capture set a state record for the largest snake ever caught and with the discovery at necropsy that it had 122 eggs in its abdomen, it sets a new record for the most eggs a female python can potentially produce in a breeding cycle, the Conservancy of Southwest Florida announced Wednesday.
Additionally, an evaluation of the snake’s digestive contents found hoof cores, determining that an adult white-tailed deer, a food source for the endangered Florida panther, would be the python’s last meal weighing 215 lbs.
“This season we tracked a male scout snake named Dionysus, or Dion, to a region of the western Everglades that he frequented for several weeks. We knew it was there for a reason, and the team found it with the largest female we’ve seen to date,” said Ian Bartoszek, wildlife biologist and environmental sciences project manager for the Conservancy of Southwest Florida.
The python was recently discovered and captured by a team of wildlife biologists from the Nature Conservancy and the discovery, which was documented by National Geographic, highlights the continuing impact of the invasive species, which is known for its rapid reproduction and the gradual disappearance of native wildlife.
“The removal of female pythons plays a critical role in disrupting the reproductive cycle of these predators that are wreaking havoc on the Everglades ecosystem and taking food sources from other native species,” Bartoszek said.
The team has recorded dozens of sightings of white-tailed deer found inside Burmese pythons during necropsies performed in the lab. Data research colleagues at the University of Florida have documented 24 species of mammals, 47 species of birds, and 2 species of reptiles from the stomach of pythons.
The Nature Conservancy’s python program was established in 2013 and to date has been able to eliminate more than 1,000 of these invasive snakes with a combined weight of more than 26,000 pounds of adult pythons in approximately 100 square miles of Southwest Florida .
“For nearly a decade, our team of biologists has been dedicated to learning more about the Burmese python and working to reduce the long-term effects this invasive species has on our ecosystem,” said Rob Moher, president and CEO of the Conservancy of Southwest Florida. “These efforts are significant in fulfilling our mission of protecting Southwest Florida’s unique natural environment and quality of life by reducing the overall impact on our native wildlife populations.”
A team of researchers from The Nature Conservancy have eliminated several unprecedented large snakes through their targeted removal technique. Prior to this recent find, the largest female python taken through the program weighed 185 pounds and was the heaviest python taken to date in Florida.
The program uses male Burmese pythons as “scouts” to locate breeding female pythons for humane euthanization.
Bartoszek told el Nuevo Herald in a 2020 interview that there are very few effective removal tools available to detect Burmese pythons in remote areas in the Everglades and thus they have been using “scout snakes” since 2013.
Invasive Burmese pythons are established throughout South Florida, but are extremely difficult to find, even though they can reach 18 feet in length.
Agencies and organizations have used radio telemetry since 2006 to locate, remove, and study this species, but those efforts have been “intermittent and local.”
“If we target females, we can limit breeding to localized areas. In addition, this is the only useful method to find adult snakes away from roads and dams (…) We are winning key local battles but not the war”, detailed the biologist.
This story was originally published on June 22, 2022 2:47 p.m.